Drawbacks and Limitations of ChatGPT

ChatGPT is a tool or an application that allows you to have human-like conversations with a chatbot. 

ChatGPT, a powerful language model developed by OpenAI, has made significant strides in natural language processing and generation. However, like any AI model, it has its limitations and drawbacks.

Here are the main drawbacks and limitations of ChatGPT:

  1. Lack of Contextual Understanding: A major drawback of ChatGPT is its difficulty in grasping context effectively. While the model can produce responses that are coherent and contextually appropriate, it frequently lacks a profound comprehension of the conversation's history. Consequently, it may generate responses that appear accurate superficially but fail to capture the nuanced context or underlying intention. This can result in ChatGPT providing information that is misleading or incorrect.
  2. Prone to Bias and Inaccurate Information: ChatGPT acquires knowledge from extensive text data, including internet sources. However, this exposure to unfiltered information renders the model vulnerable to biases and inaccuracies present in the training data. In cases where the training data contains biased or incorrect information, ChatGPT may unintentionally generate responses that reinforce or magnify these biases. Therefore, users should exercise caution and independently verify the information received from ChatGPT.
  3. Lack of Explainability: An important drawback of ChatGPT is its absence of explainability. The model functions as a black box, making it difficult to comprehend the process by which it generates a specific response. This lack of transparency impedes users from understanding the underlying reasoning behind the output, and it becomes challenging to hold the system accountable for any errors or biases. Explainability plays a vital role in establishing trust in AI systems, and the absence of this feature is a notable limitation of ChatGPT.
  4. Sensitivity to Input Phrasing and Prompt Engineering: ChatGPT demonstrates a high degree of sensitivity to minor alterations in input phrasing or prompt formulation. As a result, rephrasing the same question or introducing additional context can lead to different responses. This lack of robustness poses challenges for users seeking consistent and accurate answers from the model. It necessitates careful query construction to obtain the desired response, resulting in a less intuitive and more cumbersome user experience.
  5. Propensity for Inappropriate or Offensive Responses: Despite attempts to minimize the generation of harmful or offensive content, ChatGPT is still capable of producing inappropriate or offensive responses. The model can unintentionally adopt and reproduce biases or offensive language found in the training data. OpenAI has taken steps to tackle this problem, including employing reinforcement learning with human feedback and implementing a moderation system. However, completely eradicating such behaviour remains an ongoing challenge.
  6. Resource Intensive and Latency:  ChatGPT is a computationally demanding model that relies on substantial computational resources to operate optimally. The deployment and execution of the model in real-time applications can be resource-intensive, resulting in elevated costs and latency. This limitation can hinder its accessibility and usability in specific situations where low latency or limited resources are of utmost importance.
  7. Limited Commonsense Reasoning and World Knowledge: Despite having access to extensive training data, ChatGPT frequently lacks comprehensive commonsense reasoning capabilities and general world knowledge. It may encounter difficulties when responding to queries that demand reasoning beyond its training data. Consequently, it may provide incomplete or unsatisfactory answers, especially when confronted with intricate or ambiguous questions.
  8. Ethical and Legal Considerations: The utilization of ChatGPT gives rise to numerous ethical and legal considerations. As an AI language model, it can be exploited to produce malicious content, spread misinformation, or enable harmful activities. The misuse of ChatGPT for impersonation, phishing, or the dissemination of misleading information carries inherent risks. It is imperative to promote responsible usage and tackle the potential legal ramifications that arise from these challenges.
  9. Scalability and Multilingual Support: While ChatGPT has demonstrated remarkable proficiency in the English language, its performance in other languages may not be equally strong. The limited availability of high-quality training data and the requirement for language-specific fine-tuning pose constraints on its scalability and effectiveness in multilingual situations. The challenge lies in expanding ChatGPT's capabilities to encompass a wider array of languages while upholding the same standards of quality and accuracy.


In conclusion, ChatGPT has undoubtedly made remarkable strides in the field of natural language processing, showcasing its potential and capabilities. However, it is crucial to acknowledge and comprehend its limitations and potential drawbacks. These limitations include struggles with contextual understanding, lack of explainability, sensitivity to input phrasing, susceptibility to biases and inaccuracies, generation of inappropriate or offensive responses, computational resource requirements, and limitations in commonsense reasoning and multilingual support.


  1. George, T. (2023). What Are the Limitations of ChatGPT? Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/ai-tools/chatgpt-limitations/
  2. John, R. (2023). The Advantages and Disadvantages of ChatGPT. Calender


  1. Bernard, M. (2023). The Top 10 Limitations of ChatGPT. bernardMarr & Co.


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Article By, Dinesh Sai Kumar Pilla

Reviewed By, Meghana Prabhandham