What is GitHub?

GitHub is a profit-making company that provides a cloud-based service for hosting Git repositories. Its platform simplifies the use of Git for version control and collaboration, catering to both experienced developers and beginners. 

GitHub's user-friendly interface has made it popular not only for coding projects but also for managing various types of endeavors, such as writing books. One of the key reasons for its widespread adoption is the option to create public repositories for free, which appeals to open-source projects. 

GitHub generates revenue by offering paid services for hosting private code repositories and providing specialized plans for businesses to streamline team management and enhance security.

To understand exactly what GitHub is, you need to know two connected principles:

  1. Version Control: Version control is a system that tracks and manages changes to files over time. It allows multiple people to collaborate on a project, keeps a history of changes, and provides the ability to revert to previous versions if needed. Version control is particularly important in software development, where multiple developers may be working on the same codebase simultaneously.
  1. Git: Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS) that was created by Linus Torvalds, the same person who created the Linux operating system. Git is designed to be fast, efficient, and highly scalable. It is a command-line tool that allows developers to track changes, create branches to work on different features or fixes, merge changes from multiple contributors, and collaborate effectively.

GitHub is a platform that leverages the version control capabilities of Git to facilitate collaboration and enable efficient management of software projects.

Who uses GitHub?

  1. Developers: Developers find GitHub to be a widely embraced platform for hosting their source code repositories. It offers features such as version control, collaboration capabilities, and seamless integration with various development tools. GitHub is utilized by developers to effectively manage their projects, collaborate with team members, and contribute to open-source initiatives.
  2. Open-Source Projects: GitHub has emerged as a prominent center for open-source software development. Many open-source projects choose to store their code repositories on GitHub, making it possible for developers from all over the world to contribute code, report bugs, and suggest improvements.
  3. Many companies and organizations: GitHub serve as a central platform for their software development efforts. It provides a consolidated location for project management, fostering collaboration among team members, and facilitating the review of code changes. GitHub's additional features, including project management tools, issue tracking, and integration with popular development workflows, enhance its appeal for these entities.
  4. Education: In the realm of education, both students and educators extensively employ GitHub in programming and computer science courses. It offers a platform for students to collaborate on projects, submit assignments, and receive valuable feedback from instructors. Educators can leverage GitHub to create and share course materials, manage repositories for their students, and teach fundamental concepts related to version control.


GitHub is the platform of choice for developers and organizations due to its strong version control and collaboration features. It fosters a vibrant open-source community and provides extensive documentation to support developers' needs. With the ability to showcase work, GitHub offers excellent networking and career opportunities. Its seamless integration with third-party services enhances productivity, while its project management tools streamline organization and issue tracking. Overall, GitHub's widespread adoption and community support make it the go-to platform for effective software development and collaboration.



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Article By, Dinesh Sai Kumar Pilla

Reviewed By, Meghana Prabhandham